Santosh Pyakurel- Blog
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Each state of Australia has its own government, lifestyle quirks, breathtaking sights and (of course) sporting allegiances, which all contribute to Australia’s rich social tapestry. Knowing your way around the states is thus important to your move to Australia.

New South Wales (NSW) — The First State

NSW has the largest population of all the Australian states. It has numerous mountains, beaches, national parks and the biggest city and financial centre, Sydney. Mount Kosciuszko, the highest mountain in Australia, standing 2,228 metres tall, is in NSW.
Quick Facts:

Population: 7.2 million
Capital: Sydney
Climate: Arid to semi-arid, with snow in the south-east of the state in winter
Time Zone: GMT + 10 (winter), GMT + 11 (summer)

Queensland (QLD) — The Sunshine State

“Ahh, Queensland – beautiful one day, perfect the next” the old tourism slogan goes and is still proudly proclaimed by the state’s residents.
Queensland is Australia’s home of surf and fun, with endless opportunities for fishing, diving and snorkelling (Great Barrier Reef anyone?). The Gold Coast, Cairns and Brisbane are the popular hubs for international travellers but more and more Aussies make the permanent move there every year.
Quick Facts:

Population: 4.5 million
Capital: Brisbane
Climate: Sub-tropical in the south to tropical in the north, with warm temperatures and minimal rainfall in winter and a summer period of humid conditions and intense rainfall. The west of the state can be characterised as the Outback and is dry and arid.
Time Zone: GMT + 10 (winter and summer)

Victoria (Vic) — The Garden State

Victoria is the most diverse state and referred to as the ‘cultural, sporting and culinary capital’ of Australia. Melbourne was recently named as the World’s Most Liveable City in the Economist’s Intelligence Unit Liveability Poll for the last two years.
The Twelve Apostles National Park is one of the state’s most popular tourist attractions.
Quick Facts:

Population: 5.5 million
Capital: Melbourne
Climate: Mild to cold and wet winters, warm to hot, dry summers
Time Zone: GMT + 10 (winter), GMT + 11 (summer)

Tasmania (Tas) — Island of Inspiration

Green and lush, the island state of Tasmania is the 26th largest island in the world, with 37% of its area comprising reserves, parks and heritage sites.
Hobart is Australia’s least-populous capital with only 214,705 people.
Quick Facts:

Population: 507,626
Capital: Hobart
Climate: Cool and temperate, with four distinct seasons
Time Zone: GMT + 10 (winter), GMT + 11 (summer)

Western Australia (WA) — The Golden State

Occupying one third of the country, WA is the biggest of all six states in Australia and Perth is geographically the most isolated city on the globe.
The Western Australian economy is driven by rich mineral and petroleum resources, making the state the third-largest iron ore producer in the world.
Quick Facts:

Population: 2.3 million
Capital: Perth
Climate: Semi-arid or desert conditions with minimal rainfall, even in winter
Time Zone: GMT + 8 (winter), GMT + 9 (summer)

South Australia (SA) — The Festival State

Australia’s first free state; wines, beaches and national parks make South Australia a popular destination, with the Barossa and Clare Valleys in particular attracting numerous tourists.
South Australia shares borders with all of the mainland states as well as the Northern Territory.
Quick Facts:

Population: 1.6 million
Capital: Adelaide
Climate: Generally Mediterranean, but also home to some of the most arid areas of Australia
Time Zone: GMT + 9.5 (winter), GMT + 10.5 (summer)

Australian Capital Territory (ACT) — The Nation’s Heart

Located within New South Wales, the ACT is a self-governing inland territory, created specifically to be Australia’s administrative capital.
Canberra, an entirely planned city comprising most of the ACT, was selected as Australia’s capital in 1913 after a compromise was reached between Sydney and Melbourne.
Quick Facts:

Population: 358,222
Capital: Canberra
Climate: Dry continental climate with warm to hot summers and cold winters
Time Zone: GMT + 10 (winter), GMT + 11 (summer)

Northern Territory (NT) — The Top End

The Northern Territory is the least-populous of all of Australia’s states and territories, with the famous five million acre World Heritage Kakadu National Park well-known for its Aboriginal art and fabulous natural beauty.
Quick Facts:

Population: 229,675
Capital: Darwin
Climate: Tropical in the north, with wet, humid summers and dry winters, and semi-arid desert conditions in the centre and south
Time Zone: GMT + 9.5 (winter and summer)

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